UHenry Fonda: I-biography, Umsebenzi, Impilo Yomuntu Siqu

UHenry Fonda: I-biography, Umsebenzi, Impilo Yomuntu Siqu
UHenry Fonda: I-biography, Umsebenzi, Impilo Yomuntu Siqu

Isiqophi: UHenry Fonda: I-biography, Umsebenzi, Impilo Yomuntu Siqu

Isiqophi: Documental: Henry Fonda biografía (nuevo) (Henry Fonda biography) 2022, Okthoba
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UHenry Fonda ungumlingisi wefilimu noweshashalazi waseMelika. Kuphindwe kabili wawina i-Oscar, u-Emmy ophakanyisiwe. Iqoqo lakhe lifaka imiklomelo eminingi etholwe emikhosini eyahlukahlukene: iGolden Globe, iBAFA, iKarlovy Vary Film Festival. Ngaphezu kwemiklomelo nokuqashelwa emkhakheni wezamabhayisikobho, umlingisi waklonyeliswa ngendondo ehlonishwayo yeTony Theatre ngeqhaza lakhe ekuthuthukiseni ubuciko beshashalazi.

UHenry Fonda
UHenry Fonda

Umlingisi odumile wadlala esiteji futhi walingisa kumafilimu cishe iminyaka engama-50. Udlale izindima ezingaphezu kwekhulu futhi waba negalelo elikhulu ekuthuthukiseni i-cinema nobuciko beshashalazi. Izingane zakhe nomzukulu baqhubeka nobukhosi obubambile futhi bathola ukuqashelwa okufanelekile kubabukeli emhlabeni jikelele.

Ubuntwana nobusha

UHenry wazalelwa eMelika, edolobheni laseGrand Island, ngo-1905, ngoMeyi 16. Okhokho bakhe babehlala e-Italy, base bethuthela eHolland, kwathi maphakathi nawo-1960 bagcina eMelika, lapho basungula khona idolobha labo elincane elibizwa ngeFonda. Umndeni womfana wayehlanganyela emisebenzini yokukhangisa, futhi ubaba wakhe wayenamabhizinisi amancane, lapho uHenry ayezosebenza khona ngemuva kwesikole, ethatha ubuntatheli.

Phakathi neminyaka yakhe yokufunda, uHenry wenza ukubhukuda okuningi, ukugijima nokushibilika eqhweni futhi wabamba iqhaza ekunyakazeni kweBoy Scout. Ngokwemvelo, umfana wayenamahloni kakhulu, lokhu kwamvimbela ekuzibonakaliseni phakathi kontanga yakhe. Ekupheleni kwesikole, le nsizwa yayivele isebenza enkampanini yezingcingo, lapho yazimela khona ukuze ingathembeli kubazali bayo.

Ngemuva kokuphothula isikole, uFonda unquma ukuthola imfundo ephakeme futhi angene e-Faculty of Journalism eNyuvesi, kodwa ayishiye ngaphandle kokuphothula izifundo zakhe.

UHenry Fonda
UHenry Fonda

Carier isiqalo

Lapho uHenry eneminyaka engu-20 ubudala, umama wakhe wethula le nsizwa kumngani wayo, owayephethe inkundla yezemidlalo. Lona wesifazane kwakunguDorothy Brando, umama womunye wabalingisi abadume kakhulu eMelika, uMarlon Brando. Kwakunaye umlingisi osemusha kamuva wavela kaninginingi enkundleni yaseshashalazini, lapho i-biography yakhe yokudala yaqala khona.

UDorothy umeme le nsizwa ukuthi iye kwinhlolokhono yomdlalo othi "You and Me". Lapho uHenry Fonda engena enkundleni yemidlalo, wenza into engacimeki kuye. Le nsizwa yamangala ngakho konke: umoya waseshashalazini, ukuzilolonga, ukuklama esiteji. Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi kuqhubeke, uthando lwesiteji lwaba yingxenye ebalulekile yempilo yakhe yonke kuHenry. Ithalente lokulingisa elingokwemvelo livumele le nsizwa ukuthi ithole ngokushesha izindima ezimbalwa, bese kuba indima enkulu emidlalweni yaseshashalazini i- "Omaha Community Playhouse".

Ngemuva kokudlala izindima eziningi, uFonda unquma ukushiya inhlangano lapho ebesebenza khona bese eqala ukuzibandakanya ngokulingisa. Uyawushiya umuzi bese ethatha uhambo lokuthola inkazimulo yakhe.

Ngo-1929, uHenry waya eBroadway, lapho athola khona indima esekelayo kumdlalo waseshashalazini "Umdlalo Wothando Nokufa".

Umlingisi kaHenry Fonda
Umlingisi kaHenry Fonda

Wehlulekile ukufeza umsebenzi osheshayo futhi iminyaka eminingana umlingisi uyaqhubeka nokwenza izindima ezithile kuphela ekusebenzeni. Ukwazile ukuheha ukunakwa ngumqondisi kuphela ngemuva kokubamba iqhaza ekukhiqizeni i- "New Faces", lapho eveze khona ithalente lakhe lezeshashalazi futhi wahlonishwa ngumphakathi.

Amahemuhemu ngokuphumelela komlingisi osemusha afinyelele ngokushesha ku- "Star Factory", lapho amenywa khona ngumkhiqizi uW Wanger. Kungekudala ngemuva kwalokho, basayina inkontileka noHenry, ngokusho kokuthi umlingisi wayezodlala kumafilimu amabili ngonyaka. Lokhu kwamvumela ukuthi asebenze kumafilimu futhi angashiyi inkundla yaseshashalazini.

Umsebenzi wefilimu

Ngo-1935, lo mlingisi wadlala kumdlalo wamahlaya othi "Umlimi Ushada" futhi kwakhulunywa ngaye njengenkanyezi ekhulayo eHollywood. UHenry wathumba izethameli nabagxeki bamafilimu ngokumomotheka kwakhe okuhle nokubukeka okuhle. Isithombe sothando, iqhawe ekahle elenziwe yiFonda ngaleso sikhathi sasidingeka kakhulu ebhayisikobho futhi ngokushesha sanikeza umlingisi ithuba lokuthola izimemo eziningi zokudubula.

UHenry wayengumlingisi osebenzisekayo futhi owadala esikrinini hhayi kuphela izithombe zothando noma i-hero-lover.Unikwe ithuba lokudutshulwa emidlalweni yamacala obugebengu, entshonalanga, kumafilimu omlando wakhe, ezinhlekeleleni nakumahlaya. UHenry waziwa kabanzi ngomdwebo othi "The Path of a Lonely Pine" - ifilimu yokuqala ngombala, eqoshwe engasebenzisi ubuhle besitudiyo, kodwa emvelweni. Bekanye naye e ifilimu izinkanyezi S. Sidney futhi F. McMurray. Ifilimu elandelayo kwakungu- "Our Home Luna", lapho umlingani womlingisi kwakungowakhe, owayesengunkosikazi wakhe, uM. Sallavan. Enye yezindima zakhe ezinkulu, umlingisi wabheka isithombe asidala sikaMongameli waseMelika - u-Abraham Lincoln - kwifilimu ethi "Mnu. ULincoln Omncane".

Ifilimu ethi "Amagilebhisi Wentukuthelo", esuselwa emdlalweni kaSteinbeck, ibe yimpumelelo enkulu phakathi kwababukeli nabagxeki. Ingqikithi yangempela ephakanyiswe kule filimu, emayelana nesiphetho somndeni wabalimi abancane abaphoqelelwe ukuba baphile enkingeni yezomnotho, ithinte izinhliziyo zababukeli yaletha umlingisi ukuphakanyiswa komklomelo omkhulu weHollywood Academy - u-Oscar. Ekuqaleni benqabile ukuthatha umlingisi ngale ndima, kepha ngemuva kwezingxoxo ezinde nokusayina inkontileka yeminyaka eyisikhombisa ne-20th Century Fox, wayithola le ndima. Wonke umuntu wabikezela i-Oscar ngaye, kepha umklomelo omkhulu ngo-1940 waya kwenye ifilimu, kanti iGrapes of Wrath yathatha indawo yesibili kuphela, kepha lokhu akuzange kube yisithiyo ekuqashelweni kwakhe njengomunye wabalingisi abahamba phambili eMelika.

UHenry Fonda biography
UHenry Fonda biography

Ngesikhathi sempi, uHenry wayosebenza eMbuthweni Wezempi waseMelika futhi wabamba iqhaza ezimpini anikezwa zona ama-Orders of Bronze Star kanye ne-Presidential Citation.

Ebuyela ngaphambili, uFonda uyeka ukuqopha isikhashana futhi ujabulele impilo ejwayelekile. Futhi ngemuva konyaka, uqala umsebenzi wakhe wokulingisa futhi useqede izithelo iminyaka eminingana. Cishe amafilimu ayishumi nambili avela ebhokisini lehhovisi, lapho uFonda adlale khona indima ephambili.

Ngemuva kokuphela kwenkontileka ne-studio, umlingisi unquma ukuzinikela esiteji isikhashana. Kepha maphakathi nawo-1950s, umlingisi uphinde avele ezikrinini futhi asebenze nabaqondisi abaholayo kubalingiswa abasha, kufaka phakathi: uPierre Bezukhov ku-War and Peace, umakhi uDavis kuma-12 Angry Men. Ubuye wadlala nenkosi edumile yama-thrillers A. Hitchcock ku-The Wrong Man.

UHenry Fonda usezingeni lesithupha ohlwini lwezinkanyezi ezinkulu zama-movie. Imidwebo yakhe ethi "12 Angry Men", "On the Golden Lake" kanye "Grapes of Wrath" yafakwa kumafilimu ayikhulu ahamba phambili kuleli khulu emlandweni waseMelika.

Ngo-1981, umlingisi udlala indawo kababa osekhulile kwifilimu ethi "On the Golden Lake". Ifilimu yaphakanyiselwa i-Oscar ekukhetheni okuyishumi nanye, kanti uG. Fonda uqobo wathola indondo yokufiswa yiBest Actor.

Umsebenzi wokugcina womlingisi ngo-1981 kwakuyifilimu yethelevishini ethi "Summer Solstice".

UHenry Fonda wadlula emhlabeni ngo-1982 ngo-Agasti 12 eLos Angeles. Ukwehluleka kwenhliziyo kwakuyimbangela yokufa kwakhe.

UHenry Fonda kanye ne-biography yakhe
UHenry Fonda kanye ne-biography yakhe

Impilo yomuntu siqu nomndeni

UHenry wayeshade kahlanu, kepha impilo yakhe uqobo ayikwazi ukubizwa ngokuthi ijabulile. Unkosikazi wakhe wesihlanu kuphela, uShirley Adams, owayesebenza njengesisebenzi sezindiza enkampanini yezindiza yaseMelika, owaba luthando lwangempela lokugcina umlingisi ahlala ngalo kusukela ngo-1961 kwaze kwaba sekupheleni kwempilo yakhe futhi washiya yonke inotho yakhe kuye.

Ukusuka ebudlelwaneni obudlule, umlingisi washiya izingane ezimbili: uJane Fonda noPeter Fonda, abalandela ezinyathelweni zikayise futhi baba ngabalingisi bamafilimu abakha umsebenzi wefilimu ophumelelayo.

UHenry Fonda unguyisemkhulu wenkanyezi edumile yaseHollywood uBridget Fonda.

Ethandwa ngesihloko